IOW Policy Brief – Who is a Civilian? Perceptions of “Civilianness” in the Central African Republic

Rebecca Sutton, a post-doctoral researcher on the Individualization of War project, has authored a policy brief following a research trip to the Central African Republic in April 2019. The brief addresses questions of who is civilian in CAR, exploring the perceptions of international humanitarian actors, MINUSCA staff, IDPs and local conflict actors. The brief also […]

Emily Paddon Rhoads and Jennifer Welsh contribute article to the new special section on ‘The dynamics of dissent’ published in International Affairs

Emily Paddon Rhoads and Jennifer Welsh contributed with an article titled “Close cousins in protection: the evolution of two norms” to a new collection of articles titled ‘The dynamics of dissent’ (Press Release) which examines the contestation of the international norms that influence state behaviour. Edited by Anette Stimmer and Lea Wisken, the articles form […]

How the Pentagon Made Transgender Rights Disappear

Cross posted from: Just Security Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author’s and do not reflect the views of the United States Military Academy, the United States Army, or the Department of Defense. A transgender woman serving in the military was permitted by her command to use the berthing, bathrooms, […]

Norm Robustness and the Responsibility to Protect

Journal of Global Security Studies, Volume 4, Issue 1, 1 January 2019, Pages 53–72  Abstract This article begins by critically assessing some of the current measures used to evaluate the status and impact of the Responsibility to Protect (RtoP). It then lays the groundwork for a deeper examination of RtoP’s strength by specifying what kind […]

Will the War on Terror Ever End?

Cross-posted from La Revue des Droits de l’Homme (English version, French version) Abstract The announcement of President Trump on 19 December 2018 that the US would withdraw its troops from Syria and following reactions provide evidence of the uncertainties on the end of armed conflicts, as a factual, strategic and legal matter. The question of the […]

“Safe areas”: The international legal framework

Author: Emanuela-Chiara Gillard DOI: Full article: PDF Published online: 12 February 2019 Abstract: In recent years there have been repeated calls for the establishment of so-called “safe areas” to protect civilians from the effects of hostilities in a number of contexts. The present article presents the international law framework relevant to the establishment and operation of such […]

Chatham House Report on Proportionality in the Conduct of Hostilities — Some Key Elements

Cross-posted from EJIL:Talk! At the end of 2018, the International Law Program at Chatham House published a report analyzing the key steps in making assessments about proportionality under international humanitarian law, with a particular focus on incidental harm. The rule of proportionality as formulated in Article 51 of Additional Protocol I of 1977 (AP I) requires belligerents […]

UN Security Council Referrals to the International Criminal Court: Legal Nature, Effects and Limits

Series: Leiden Studies on the Frontiers of International Law, Volume: 5 Author: Alexandre Skander Galand This book offers a unique critical analysis of the legal nature, effects and limits of UN Security Council referrals to the International Criminal Court (ICC). Alexandre Skander Galand provides, for the first time, a full picture of two competing understandings […]